Whether one would like to change their appearance or is experiencing functional problems with their eyelids, blepharoplasty is the procedure which can visibly rejuvenate the area surrounding the eyes. It can be performed on the upper lids, the lower lids or even both – the variable techniques also do ensure that one’s expectations and goals are to be achieved. The steps of eyelid surgery as well as all the other facts that one needs to know before undergoing it will be enclosed in this article.
What happens during the eyelid surgery?
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As said earlier, blepharoplasty can be done on the upper, lower or both lids at the same time. The used techniques reflect that – there are basic two which include the removal of some skin and there is one which affects only the eye itself with no skin removal at all:
- For the correction of the upper eyelids, an incision within the natural crease is performed.
- For the correction of the lower eyelids, an incision just below the lower lash lines is done.
- There is also a so – called transconjunctival incision that is made on the inside of the lower eyelids and this is the one which includes no skin removal.
What can be treated with blepharoplasty?
Behind the above techniques and their mixes, miscellaneous conditions can be treated. Via the procedure one can correct:
- loose or saggy skin folds that can also disturb vision
- bags under the eyes
- deposits in the eye surrounding area which appear as puffiness from the outside
- drooping of the eyelid
- fine wrinkles of the skin surrounding the eye
- states of excess skin aka hyperkeratosis.
Can everybody undergo the procedure?
Before every cosmetic surgery it is assessed by a licensed plastic surgeon whether the patient is suitable for having a surgery. The overall rules is that one needs to be generally healthy, without serious eye conditions and preferably non – smoking.
What needs to be taken into consideration before blepharoplasty?
Besides discussing the goals and the expectations with a doctor, some other things also need to be controlled:
- The photographs of the face must be taken so that the surgeon can assess the face parameters properly. The face will also be measured.
- Regular blood tests have to be run soon before the procedure to be sure of one’s good health condition as well as of sufficient blood clotting factors.
- When it comes to the latter, blood – thinning drugs like ibuprofen and aspirin must be omitted for at least 2 weeks before the eyelid surgery with no exceptions. It increases the risk of a dangerous bleeding.
- It is important to inform the doctor of any drug and/or food allergies one has so that an allergic reaction is prevented.
What are the side effects of eyelid surgery?
Every medical intervention entails some risks and side effects however it does not mean that they do have to happen. The potential consequences of blepharoplasty are:
- an allergic reaction
- dryness of the eyes
- difficulty moving the eyes
- rolling of the eyelid
- lid lag
- scarring that may lead to blindness.
How long does it take to recover from the eyelid surgery?
The swelling and bruising will increase during the first two days after the treatment. After that, it will start to naturally subside. In most cases, it is comfortable for a patient to go out after 10 – 14 days post surgery. Nevertheless, the full recovery is complete after a few months; that’s also when the final effects are seen.
How to take care of the eyes after blepharoplasty?
The most important factor is sun protection. After a surgery the eyes are extremely sensitive – wear high SPF sunglasses to ensure the healing tissue isn’t irritated by the sun rays. Such a prophylaxis also prolongs the effects of the procedure. Furthermore, lubricating ointments/cold compresses/gauze can be continued until not needed anymore.