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What Does an Aesthetician Do?

Have you ever wondered who helps keep your skin looking healthy and beautiful? An aesthetician is a skincare professional. They specialize in improving and maintaining the health and appearance of the skin. Aestheticians provide facials and perform hair removal treatments, helping people look and feel their best.

In this article, we’ll explore the tasks and responsibilities of an aesthetician’s job and why their expertise is valued in the beauty industry.

The Aesthetician Profession

Defining the Scope of an Aesthetician’s Work

Aestheticians offer various skincare services. These include facials, extractions, acne treatments, microdermabrasion, chemical peels, body wraps, hair removal, and airbrush tanning.

Facials involve cleansing, exfoliation, and tailored massages to address specific skin needs. Extraction treatments aim to remove impurities, while acne treatments focus on improving mild to moderate conditions.

Microdermabrasion and chemical peels both exfoliate the skin for immediate results. Body treatments like wraps, masks, and scrubs target overall skin health and relaxation.

Aestheticians also provide hair removal through waxing and laser procedures. They also offer airbrush tanning as a safe alternative, providing a golden glow for approximately two weeks.

Their work often intersects with non-surgical cosmetic procedures and skincare treatments. They may collaborate with medical professionals in the skincare and cosmetic industry to offer complementary services, expertise, and patient care support.

Required Credentials for Licensed Aestheticians

To become a licensed aesthetician, you need to finish a state-approved cosmetology or esthetician program. This usually includes completing coursework and hands-on training. Topics covered include skincare techniques, sanitation, and client consultation.

After finishing the program, you must pass a state licensing exam to practice legally. You also need to continue your education to stay updated on industry trends and advancements in skincare to maintain your license. This ongoing education ensures you are equipped to provide safe and effective skincare services to clients.

Exploring Aesthetician Services

Skin Care Treatments Offered by Aestheticians

Aestheticians offer a variety of skincare services:

  • Facials
  • Extractions
  • Acne treatments
  • Microdermabrasion
  • Chemical peels
  • Body wraps
  • Hair removal
  • Airbrush tanning

Facials involve cleansing, exfoliation, and massage for the client’s skin needs.

Extractions remove impurities, while acne treatments can help improve mild to moderate conditions.

Microdermabrasion and chemical peels provide immediate exfoliation.

Body treatments target overall skin health and relaxation.

Hair removal services include waxing and laser hair removal.

Airbrush tanning offers a safe alternative to traditional tanning for a golden glow lasting about two weeks.

Facials and Exfoliations

Facials and exfoliations have many skin benefits, like improved texture, rejuvenation, and reduced signs of aging. It’s best to get monthly treatments for the best results. Licensed aestheticians use methods like microdermabrasion and chemical peels to remove dead skin cells and promote skin regeneration.

Acne Treatments and Scar Reduction

Effective acne treatments for reducing and preventing scars include:

  1. Microdermabrasion and chemical peels exfoliate the skin, promoting new skin growth and reducing the appearance of scars.
  2. Aesthetician services offer facials, acne treatments, and microdermabrasion to reduce the visibility of acne scars.
  3. Facials involve cleansing, exfoliation, and massage tailored to the client’s skin needs, minimizing the appearance of scars over time.
  4. Non-surgical cosmetic procedures such as microdermabrasion, chemical peels, and laser treatments can improve the tone and texture of the skin, reducing the visibility of acne scars.

Anti-Aging Procedures and Therapies

Aestheticians offer various anti-aging procedures and therapies, including microdermabrasion, chemical peels, and laser hair removal. These treatments focus on rejuvenating the skin and improving skin health without surgeries.

Microdermabrasion and chemical peels exfoliate the skin, promoting the growth of new, youthful skin. Laser treatments offer effective and long-lasting hair removal, contributing to skin rejuvenation.

Aestheticians also collaborate with medical professionals like dermatologists and cosmetic surgeons, especially in pre- and post-surgical skincare. They provide vital consultation on the skin’s condition, ensuring it’s in the best possible state before surgery and aiding in the recovery afterward. This collaboration can lead to better surgical outcomes and overall patient satisfaction.

Understanding Non-Surgical Cosmetic Procedures

Chemical Peels and Their Varieties

Chemical peels are commonly used by aestheticians in three main types: superficial, medium, and deep peels. Superficial peels use mild acids like alpha-hydroxy or beta-hydroxy acids and work well for fine lines, acne, and uneven pigmentation. Medium peels use stronger acids such as glycolic or trichloroacetic acid and treat more severe skin issues like sun damage or precancerous skin growths with longer recovery time and dramatic results.

Deep peels require a medical professional for application, using strong acidic chemicals to target deep wrinkles and scars. The aftercare for each peel varies, from avoiding sun exposure and rigorous activities to using specific protective or moisturizing products. Understanding the client’s skin type and concerns is crucial before the procedure, as it helps determine the appropriate type and depth of the peel for optimal results and safe application.

Microdermabrasion Techniques

Microdermabrasion techniques involve using a handheld device to exfoliate the skin. This gently removes the outermost layer of dead skin cells.

The process can reduce the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines, and age spots. It can also improve skin texture and tone.

Aestheticians can offer microdermabrasion as a stand-alone service or as part of a comprehensive facial treatment. It’s a great way to increase collagen production, improve blood flow, and promote healthier, more radiant skin.

However, there are potential risks, such as skin irritation, redness, and sensitivity to sunlight. Aestheticians need to assess the client’s skin type and condition before using this rejuvenation technique.

Laser Treatments for Skin Rejuvenation

Laser treatments for skin rejuvenation cover various procedures to address different skin issues.

There are two common types of laser treatments: ablative lasers, which remove outer skin layers to reduce wrinkles, scars, and discoloration, and non-ablative lasers, which stimulate collagen production to improve skin tone and texture without damaging the outer layer.

Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) treatments, also known as photofacials, target sun damage, brown spots, and redness without injuring the skin’s surface.

These treatments are generally effective for reducing signs of aging, sun damage, and skin discoloration after a series of sessions.

However, potential risks and side effects may include temporary redness, swelling, blistering, hyperpigmentation, or scarring, especially if performed by an inexperienced or improperly trained technician.

Therefore, it’s important to consult with a qualified and experienced aesthetician to determine the best laser treatment option for your skin concerns.

Collaborating with Medical Professionals

The Aesthetician’s Role in Pre- and Post-Surgical Skincare

Aestheticians help clients before cosmetic surgery by giving facials, extractions, and chemical peels tailored to their skin. These treatments clean and refresh the skin, making sure it’s ready for the surgery. They also do body treatments like wraps, masks, and scrubs to improve overall skin health and relaxation. After surgery, aestheticians continue to support clients with facials, microdermabrasion, and chemical peels to help the skin heal and recover.

Working closely with medical professionals, they ensure the client’s safety and well-being, and share important progress information. This collaboration helps achieve the best outcomes for the client.

Consulting with Dermatologists and Cosmetic Surgeons

Aestheticians work with dermatologists and cosmetic surgeons. They need to communicate openly to match their services with the patient’s skincare needs. This involves sharing information on skincare products and treatments, and tracking any skin reactions or progress. Aestheticians complement medical professionals by prepping the skin for surgery or treatments. They also help with post-surgical skincare by providing gentle, non-invasive treatments for healing and rejuvenation.

Aestheticians and medical professionals work together to ensure the patient gets comprehensive skincare for both medical and aesthetic concerns.


What is an aesthetician?

An aesthetician is a skincare professional who is trained to provide various beauty treatments such as facials, waxing, and chemical peels. They can also offer advice on skincare routines and products.

What services does an aesthetician offer?

An aesthetician offers services such as facials, chemical peels, waxing, and skincare consultations. They also provide treatments for acne, aging skin, and hyperpigmentation.

What training does an aesthetician have?

An aesthetician typically undergoes formal training through a cosmetology program or specialized esthetician school. They learn about skincare treatments, hair removal, and makeup application. They also receive hands-on experience through internships or apprenticeships.

What is the difference between an aesthetician and a dermatologist?

An aesthetician focuses on skincare treatments and procedures, while a dermatologist is a medical doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating skin conditions and diseases. For example, an aesthetician might provide facials or chemical peels, while a dermatologist can treat skin cancer or eczema.

How can an aesthetician help improve skin health?

An aesthetician can improve skin health through treatments like facials, chemical peels, and microdermabrasion. They can also provide personalized skincare regimens and advice on proper skincare routines.