You must have stepped into a drug store at some point of your life in search for the right face care products. Maybe you got a bit bewildered and confused by all the array of options; you’ve got some knowledge about skincare; you just need confirmation from the right source about what type of products to use or in what order to do so. Luckily for you we’re providing you with the right source – we have contacted a dermatology professional and here are all the tips and clarifications. Let’s review all of the types of skincare products you can purchase, already sorted in the right order of application.(1)

OIL CLEANSER

Double cleansing… does it ring a bell? Here, in the Western World this concept has been more exploited after having followed our Asian neighbours; we need to say it, they couldn’t have been more right about this. Double cleansing is necessary to properly get rid of the impurities hiding in our pores. There, the environment is lipophilic – it means that inside the pores substances only get dissolved in fats; if we don’t wash them away with fats, they won’t get dissolved and cause blackheads, whiteheads or other forms of acne. Simple.

  • If you are afraid that oil cleansers might not work for you because you’ve got acne – prone skin, try light oil formulas which later change into foam/ have water – soluble ingredients mixed together/ are made of noncomedogenic oils like sunflower oil.

WATER – BASED CLEANSER

Cosmetics - Cleanser

This is naturally the second step of double cleansing – a water – based cleanser. You might wonder: if oil is all we need to purify our pores, then why the second product? We come with an explanation right away. First off, we need to dispose of any remnants of the oil clanser, second off, not all of the structures in our skin are lipophilic; we need to wash them too!

  • Look for gentle formulas, best for sensitive skin. You don’t need anything harsh in your cleanser, same for all the beautifying ingredients – you will wash them away. A neutral, delicate, dermatologically tested product is the top choice here.

PEELING

There are two kinds of peelings – mechanical and chemical ones. Which one to choose though? The answer is obvious – chemical. Avoid mechanical peels at all cost. The skin on your face is too fragile for that – mechanical peels will cause microinjuries on the skin surface, making a perfect entrace for residing bacteria. They literally ignite infections + effortlessly spread the already existing ones. Furthermore, if you have a skin condition like acne, it will only irritate it more. Use chemical peels with e.g. BHA acids – they penetrate the layers of the skin deeper and they also aren’t harsh anyhow. Yet, feel free to pamper yourself and do a mechanical almond scrub on the skin of the body – there the skin is tougher and built of more layers. (2)

TONER

Cosmetics- Toner

It seems a little bit redundant, doesn’t it? Well, it’s the complete opposite. Having washed our face, we have stripped it partially from its natural protective barrier + we have changed its pH (acidity). If the pH of our skin is wrong, the skin isn’t as strong anymore, the healthy flora won’t reside on it any longer… it’s just bad. (3) The right pH of the skin of the face is slightly acidic. A toner is comprised of weak acids which will make that acidity return to normal. Plus, no one has said that the acids have to be unbeneficial – go for hyaluronic acid for instance; it will also bind water molecules while caring for the pH.

ESSENCE

An essence is also watery so it can be easily mistaken with a toner. What’s the difference though? Essence’s richer in beautifying ingredients. Its task is no longer the correction of the pH, it is to revitalize the skin with water – soluble minerals, vitamins and antioxidants. It’s a great light boost for the skin.

FACE MASK

There is a wide array of those, isn’t it? We can encounter traditional masks as well as so – called sheet masks. Is any of them anyhow better? Indeed no, this is the case of preference. (4) Choose whatever mask you want, have fun with it, let you and your skin take a breather. Go for masks that target your ongoing skin issue and always check a list of the ingredients if there are no comedogenic ones. You want to relax without fear that a mask will clog your pores.

SERUM

You should only apply a serum before going to bed at night. It is the most concentrated step of the whole skincare routine hence the most active and essential one. It is supposed to supply your skin with a plethora of health – giving, beneficial ingredients – they can be  vitamins, minerals, moisturizing ingredients, nonetheless the most important and vital ones are antioxidants. It is advised that, the younger the better, anybody should have a good antioxidant serum on their shelf. Together with regular sunscreen use (read about that later) it’s the most effective protection against sun damage, wrinkles, skin – aging, pollutants as well as skin cancer + it really gives your skin the glow.

MOISTURIZER/CREAM

Cosmetics - Moisturizers and Creams

The different formulas and brands of them are endless. Either way, a good moisturizer should: 1) be of the desired, not too heavy, not too light, consistency 2) have something hydrating like glycerin or hyaluronic acid 3) have something moisturizing like shea butter (it’s the best of the best) 4) preferably have some other beneficial ingredients like antioxidants. When it comes to the 2) and 3), it is important both to hydrate (supply with water) your face as well as moisture it (provide the ingredients which will lock that hydrating ingredients in). One goes not without another.

SUNSCREEN

Now to the truly imperative point of the whole routine – sunscreen. It seems to come from all the sources that it’s crucial to wear one. Indeed it is. All year round (sun rays don’t rest). With protection against both UVB and UVA. The higher filter, the better. Why is it so important? First of all, we don’t want to have skin cancer. Second of all, it is the best anti – aging prevention alongside the antioxidants. Sun rays are something we are exposed to everyday and can’t avoid it; yet they are what’s also extremely detrimental to our skin. They destroy its healthy structure, making it less firm, less resilient and more susceptible. Once again, wear your sunscreen and you will thank yourself later.

FACE MIST

You can use one after everything is done or after you had applied your toner, it really doesn’t matter – face mists are so universal. That’s why you can freely use them throughout the day – to freshen your face a bit, to alleviate any irritation if your skin is sensitive or it is too cold outside. Not only is it a fun addition to a routine but it also provides the skin with extra hydration and soothing. It can also have some extra antioxidants as well, no harm in that. Go best for the ones which are thermal water – based, you will get an additional kick of minerals and soothing properties.

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