Hyaluronic acid is among those cosmetics ingredient which gives a potential anti-aging effect.
It is also called hyaluronan, a glycosaminoglycan which is a unique type as it is a non-sulfated one. It can be found naturally in both in animals and humans, in humans it is abundantly present in connective and epithelial tissues.
It is also obtained from rooster combs naturally and synthesized by bacteria for medicinal purposes. Hyaluronic acid can also be taken orally for beautification goals but mainly applied topically in cosmetics and skincare products to treat and prevent different dermatological conditions and improve the health and wellness of the skin.
Mechanism of Hyaluronic acid :
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Hyaluronic acid acts as humectant and emollient, which has a high capacity of holding water in its specific designed matrix. It is stated that it holds water molecules in 1000 times its volume. These water molecules are absorbed and trapped from the surrounding environment and are holding it on to the outer layer of the skin to keep it hydrated.
Hyaluronic acid nourishes and moisturizes the skin against drying, dehydration and gives a firm, soft and long-lasting youthful appearance to it.
Uses of Hyaluronic acid:
Hyaluronic acid is of great importance in skincare ingredients. It gives firmness, smoothness and soft appearance to the skin. Hyaluronic acid also forms a layer that protects the skin from harsh climatic changes and pathogen attacks. It keeps and maintains the optimum hydration of the skin and protects it from dermatological hazardous effects. It relieves dryness, itching, and dehydration. The hyaluronic acid has an anti-aging effect as it improves the fine lines, wrinkles, and spots, and gives a young, even and charming look to the skin.
Hyaluronic acid can also be applied to the skin for healing minor injuries and accidental burns. Hyaluronic acid also blocks the negative effect of sun rays such as Ultraviolet B rays skin-damaging effects.
Oral supplement of hyaluronic acid also provides the same benefits to the skin in addition to reducing joint friction and eye problems.
Safety of Hyaluronic acid:
The use of hyaluronic acid as an emollient and humectant is generally safe, but it may cause or produce certain adverse effects which lead to big troubles. The US FDA approved it as a dermal filler although it may cause side effects such as bruising, lumps and bumps, redness, swelling, etc. so stop its use and contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Precautions regarding the use of Hyaluronic acid:
Although the hyaluronic acid application is safe but if you are a pregnant or nursing mother then better to ask your doctor before its use. In case of side effects or hypersensitivity, stop using the product and contact immediately to the nearby dermatologist. Don’t apply it to wounds, eyes and other dermatological conditions before confirming it from the health care providers. After its application washes your hands thoroughly.