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Cosmetic Surgery – An Overview of the Most Common Types

Cosmetic surgery, also known as aesthetic surgery, is a field of medicine that focuses on enhancing and reshaping the physical appearance of an individual through surgical techniques. While traditionally used to correct defects or injuries, cosmetic surgery has become increasingly popular as a way to improve one’s appearance and boost self-confidence. The number of cosmetic procedures has risen dramatically in recent years, with advancements in technology and techniques making these procedures more accessible and safe than ever before. From facial contouring to body sculpting, there are a wide variety of cosmetic surgery options available to individuals looking to enhance their physical features. However, it is important to note that cosmetic surgery is not without risks, and it’s important to weigh the benefits against the potential risks before making any decision.

Types of Cosmetic Surgeries

Cosmetic Surgeons in the OR

The following is a list of some of the most common cosmetic procedures.

Eyelid Surgery

The surgery to lift the eyelids is known as blepharoplasty. During this surgery, ‘eye bags’ are removed that are present under the eyes. This eyelid surgery gives the eyes a fresh and youthful look. There are many reasons that lead to the finding, such as genetic issues, ageing, or atmospheric factors including sun exposure. The eye bags are reduced by removing excess skin from below and above the eyelid. (1)

Breast Implants

This procedure is also known as ‘breast implants’. During this process, the surgeon places silicone gel implants beneath or above the main chest muscles, which helps in improving the esthetics of the breast. The alternative procedure is called mastoplexy or ‘breast lift surgery‘.

When a patient no longer desires breast implants, or there is a complication, then breast implant removal (explant) may be considered.

Nose Reshaping “Nose Job”

One of the most popular cosmetic surgeries fir men is nose reshaping or nose job rhinoplasty. During this surgery, large bumps of nose are removed. The goal is to make the nose look straighter and more symmetrical.

People prefer to have this surgery for various reasons, such as a medical issue or an accident that has left the nose look imperfect. A simple nose job can give a boost to confidence. (2)



During this process, hollow metal tubes or thin cannulas are used to vacuum excess fat from different parts of the body, such as neck, arms, hips, buttocks, thigh and the abdomen. Usually, laser and mechanical devices are used for suction of fat.


Facelift is a well-known procedure in which excess skin is removed from the neck and cheeks, which gives a fresher and younger look to the patient, as well as tighten the skin.

Tummy Tuck

Another popular cosmetic surgery is known as tummy tuck in which fat is removed from around the waist for health or cosmetic reasons. (3) Sometimes, it becomes difficult to burn stubborn fat even with dieting and exercise, here you can take help from this surgery. More on body contouring and sculpting surgery.

Tips to Follow For Cosmetic Surgery

Before you go for a cosmetic surgery procedure, it is essential to weigh its risks and benefits. Following are some useful tips that you should follow.

Cosmetic Surgery
  • Always to a licensed professional and experienced surgeon. You should check the credentials. (4)
  • As soon as you consult with your surgeon, it is time to make your own decision and know your preferences. Always ask questions related to surgery from the surgeon to clear all confusions.
  • Inquire about the limitations and risks of the surgery.
  • Select the right date for your surgery. For example, avoid going for surgery when you are going through a stressful event, like moving, having a baby, bereavement and switching jobs.
  • Cosmetic surgery is for personal satisfaction. Never go for cosmetic surgery to impress or please anyone else.
  • Find cosmetic options near you. Avoid travelling for cosmetic surgery. In case, you need to travel, then ensure the arrangements are reliable.

Cosmetic Surgery Risks

Cosmetic surgery, like any surgery, carries certain risks and potential complications. Some of the risks associated with cosmetic surgery include:

  1. Anesthesia complications: There is a risk of complications with any type of anesthesia, including allergic reactions or breathing problems.
  2. Infection: Any surgical procedure has a risk of infection, which can be treated with antibiotics but in some cases, could cause serious problems.
  3. Hematoma: This is a collection of blood outside of blood vessels and can cause pain, swelling and discoloration of the skin.
  4. Scarring: All surgical procedures result in some degree of scarring. In the case of cosmetic surgery, the scars may be visible, especially in procedures such as facelift, tummy tuck or breast surgery.
  5. Imperfections and asymmetry: There is always a risk that the final result may not be perfect and that asymmetry may occur in the healing process.
  6. Nerve damage: In some cases, nerves may be damaged during surgery, which can result in temporary or permanent loss of sensation or muscle function.
  7. Unsatisfactory results: In some cases, patients may be dissatisfied with the final outcome, which can lead to additional procedures to correct or improve the results.

It’s important to keep in mind that these risks may vary depending on the type of surgery and your personal health condition, also it is important to follow the surgeon’s post-operative instructions to minimize the risk of complications. It’s also important to carefully research and choose a qualified, experienced surgeon to perform the procedure.

There are other risks of cosmetic surgery.

Recovery From Cosmetic Surgery

The recovery process from cosmetic surgery can vary depending on the type of procedure, the individual’s overall health, and the surgeon’s specific post-operative instructions. However, there are some general steps that can be expected during the recovery process.

  1. Immediately after surgery: The patient will be moved to a recovery room where they will be closely monitored by medical staff. The patient may feel groggy or disoriented due to the effects of the anesthesia. They will likely experience some pain, swelling, and bruising.
  2. First few days: The patient will need to rest and allow their body to heal. They will be given pain medication to manage any discomfort. The patient will be instructed to keep the incision area clean, to avoid strenuous activities, and may also be instructed to wear compression clothing depending on the procedure.
  3. First week: The patient may be able to return to work or daily activities, but will still need to avoid any strenuous activities or lifting heavy objects. They will also need to avoid bending or stretching the surgical area, as well as exposing the area to sunlight.
  4. First month: As the healing process continues, the patient will notice a gradual improvement in the appearance of the surgical area. The swelling, bruising, and pain will begin to subside. The patient should continue to follow post-operative instructions and avoid any activities that could cause injury or harm to the surgical area.
  5. Long-term: The final result of the cosmetic surgery will be visible after some months, but the patient should avoid exposing the surgical area to sun, and other harmful agents, or heavy-duty physical activity as advised by the surgeon. The patient should also be careful to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and regular exercise, to maintain the best results.

It’s important to note that recovery times may vary, but it’s important to have realistic expectations about the time required for recovery, and be patient during the healing process. It’s also important to follow the surgeon’s post-operative instructions closely and to contact the surgeon if there are any concerns or complications during the recovery process.

How Do You Become a Cosmetic Surgeon

Becoming a cosmetic surgeon typically requires a significant investment of time and dedication. The path to becoming a cosmetic surgeon typically involves the following steps:

  1. Undergraduate education: You will need to complete a bachelor’s degree in a field such as biology, chemistry, or pre-med.
  2. Medical school: After completing your undergraduate degree, you will need to attend and graduate from an accredited medical school. This typically takes four years.
  3. Residency training: After completing medical school, you will need to complete a surgical residency program, which typically takes several years. This will provide you with the hands-on training you need to become a skilled surgeon.
  4. Fellowship: After completing your surgical residency, you will need to complete a fellowship in plastic and reconstructive surgery or cosmetic surgery.
  5. Board certification: After completing your fellowship, you will need to become certified by the relevant certification board. You will have to pass a rigorous exam, and maintain the certification.
  6. Continuing education: As a licensed physician, you will be required to complete continuing education courses throughout your career to maintain your license to practice and stay current with advances in the field.

The process can take up to 14 years or more and the education requirement alone can be quite demanding. Many surgery residencies are highly competitive, and the process of becoming a cosmetic surgeon can be costly, as well as time-consuming. Lean about the difference between a cosmetic surgeon and a plastic surgeon.

Also, it’s worth noting that cosmetic surgery is a sub-specialty of plastic surgery and you can become a cosmetic surgeon only if you are already a plastic surgeon, who has completed additional training in cosmetic surgery. How to Pick a Cosmetic Surgeon.

COSMETIC-SURGERIES-Breast Implants nose job eyelid surgery and more-infographic
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2 thoughts on “Cosmetic Surgery – An Overview of the Most Common Types”

  1. Just a quick comment about the influx of physicians who are getting into this field.. it is true that a medical license allows a physician to perform most of these procedures. But you get what you pay for. It is important that the physician be qualified by a legitimate blank and certifying entity.

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